Carrara marble is a type of white or blue-grey marble of high quality, popular for use in sculpture and building decor. It is quarried in the city of Carrara located in the province of Massa and Carrara in the Lunigiana, the northernmost tip of modern-day Tuscany, Italy.
It’s only fair to say that the Carrara Marble is not just any marble, but it is the epitome of ‘THE” marble. The most famous sculptors have worked with this material.
The Carrara Marble, as other types of marble, is a metamorphic rock made from microscopically small calcium carbonate crystals. This rock was formed by metamorphosis, that means that the former rock has got a complete new crystalline structure due to high pressure and/or variations in temperature, so, ultimately, the rock has been fundamentally changed.
The white Carrara Marble has still a prestigious reputation. Its lasting beauty and timeless elegance are evidenced by the architecture and sculptures of the last two thousand years.
The different ground colors and veins of the marble in the area of Carrara make this material spectacular. If the ground color is light, the Carrara marble seems to be all white; a marble with grey veins or little veins is called Statuario, it’s the one famous marble used by Michelangelo or Canova that makes only about 5% of the stone mining. If the ground tone is ivory-colored and if there are well visible veins as stripes in shades of grey to yellow or rather green, then it is called Calacatta
We talk about Arabesque – marble if the veins have got netlike form and structure, in Italian: ‘Marmi Arabescati’, this name is due to the marble’s surface decoration that reminds of the Arabian art. If the color is dark grey or in some spots nearly blue, the marble is calledBardiglio.